Herman Bavinck on the Two Kingdoms

(Note: this is a repost from March, 2009) Earlier, I noted how some Reformed teachers from around 1700 talked about the two kingdoms, the two-fold reign of Christ.  For review, Thomas Watson and Wilhelmus a Brakel (along with others) talked about Christ's general reign over all things and his special reign over the church.  The… Continue reading Herman Bavinck on the Two Kingdoms

Latin Lesson: Historic Protestantism on Christ’s Kingdom

As a few of our readers may know, in some small pockets of Reformed Christianity there is strong opposition to making distinctions in the way Christ reigns over the world.  Some say we must not distinguish between Christ’s general rule over all and his saving rule over his church.  (FYI, if you’ve not heard of… Continue reading Latin Lesson: Historic Protestantism on Christ’s Kingdom

The Two-fold Aspect of God’s Kingdom (Witsius)

  In Reformed church history, theologians have generally made a distinction when it came to discussing God’s kingdom or kingdoms.  Simply put, historic Reformed theology distinguished between God’s general kingdom (his kingdom of power/nature) and God’s saving kingdom (his kingdom of grace/glory).  Here’s how Herman Witsius spoke about this distinction in his discussion on the… Continue reading The Two-fold Aspect of God’s Kingdom (Witsius)

Hodge on Christ’s Twofold Reign

Charles Hodge (d. 1878) spoke about Christ’s twofold kingship like other Reformed theologians spoke of it (see here).  Hodge said, “Christ exercises his royal authority, so to speak, in different spheres.”  Here’s a summary of Hodge’s discussion, found in his Systematic Theology, III.XI.3-4. 1) Christ’s dominion over the universe.  Christ has what theologians are accustomed… Continue reading Hodge on Christ’s Twofold Reign

Kingdom Distinction in Reformed Theology

Historic Reformed theology has typically made distinctions when discussing the kingdom of God.  Reformed theologians said there is a kingdom of power as well as a kingdom of grace/glory.  (Lutheran theologians have used similar terms.)  The kingdom of power is God’s general (non-redemptive) reign over all things (Ps. 103:19).  The kingdom of grace/glory is God’s… Continue reading Kingdom Distinction in Reformed Theology