Final Justification on Account of Our Works? (Horton)

On the last day when the Lord comes to judge the living and the dead, is there something like a final justification based on our works? Can we even talk about a present justification and a final justification, as if there are two justifications? Some would answer yes to the question. The historical Reformation answer… Continue reading Final Justification on Account of Our Works? (Horton)

Justifying Faith: Receiving Christ (Owen)

When the Westminster Confession explains justifying faith, it uses the term "receiving."  Here's chapter XI.2: "Faith, thus receiving and resting on Christ and his righteousness, is the alone instrument of justification..." (emphasis mine).  The Heidelberg Catechism also uses this word in answer 30: "For either Jesus is not a complete Savior, or they who by… Continue reading Justifying Faith: Receiving Christ (Owen)

Paul or the Papists? (Latimer)

Hugh Latimer was a 16th-century English preacher who came out of the Roman Catholic church to join the Reformation because of its biblical foundation and emphases. The following is a selection from a 1552 sermon by Hugh Latimer which contrasts the Roman Catholic view of salvation with the Reformation view.   You can read more… Continue reading Paul or the Papists? (Latimer)

Union, Justification, Sanctification, Glorification (Horton)

I appreciate the following selection from Michael Horton's Justification (Vol 2).  It's about union with Christ, justification, sanctification, and glorification: Union is not a goal but the source of our life.  Chosen in him [Christ], redeemed by him, and crucified, buried, and raised with him, we share in Christ's pioneering journey in an 'already' and 'not-yet'… Continue reading Union, Justification, Sanctification, Glorification (Horton)

Finney’s Firm Rejection of Imputation

 Charles Finney is well known for his part in the 19th century American revivals.  Obviously,  Finney and these revivals are major topics that many books have covered. But it is worth mentioning that Finney did write a systematic theology where one can learn what he himself taught.  I don't think it's a good systematic theology,… Continue reading Finney’s Firm Rejection of Imputation