Legalism is one of those things that keeps creeping up in the Christian life and in the Christian church. For example, some people say that there’s a final justification which depends upon our works. Others talk about justification by faith alone, but then go on to define faith as faithfulness. Still others have rules for the Christian life or church that aren’t taught in Scripture, such as which Bible translation to use, how to dress for worship, which type of schooling is best for children, and so forth. This error of legalism is nothing new, of course. The church has been dealing with it a long time. One good example is found in Edward Fisher’s Marrow of Modern Divinity, where by way of dialogue he explains legalism and refutes it with Scripture and an emphasis on the gospel of grace.
In one section of The Marrow called “The Natural Bias Towards the Covenant of Works,” Fisher explains how people in general think according to the covenant of works. That is, people generally believe that God is the great Master of heaven, and man is the servant that must work to receive wages.
“…It is the general opinion of men’s reason throughout the whole world, that righteousness is gotten by the works of the law; and the reason is, because the covenant was engendered in the minds of men in the very creation, so that man naturally can judge no otherwise of the law than as a covenant of works, which was given to make righteous, and to give life and salvation.”
Fisher then writes, quoting Luther, that this view of the law and obedience
‘is so deeply rooted in man’s reason, and all mankind so wrapped in it, that they can hardly get out; yea, I myself,’ says he, ‘have now preached the gospel nearly twenty years, and have been exercised in the same daily, by reading and writing, so that I may well seem to be rid of this wicked opinion; yet, notwithstanding, I now and then feel this old filth cleave to my heart, whereby it cometh to pass that I would willingly have so to do with God, that I would bring something with myself, because of which he should give me his grace.’
In other words, even Luther struggled with the “old filth” of legalism, the idea that we can earn God’s favor by obedience. Later Fisher writes this:
…It is to be feared that there be divers [many] who in words are able to distinguish between the law and the gospel, and in their judgments hold and maintain, that man is justified by faith without the works of the law; and yet in effect and practice, that is to say, in heart and conscience, do otherwise. And there is some touch of this in us all; otherwise we should not be so up and down in our comforts and believing as we are still, and cast down with every weakness as we are.
What is the antidote or medicine for the “old filth” of legalism? A constant and continual emphasis on the great truths of Scripture: we’re justified by grace alone, through faith alone (apart from all of our works), in Christ alone! We need to let these gospel truths saturate our hearts and minds – in doing so, we’ll be able to better fight legalism and it’s effects.
The above quotes are found on pages 105-106 of Fisher’s Marrow.
Covenant Presbyterian Church, OPC
Hammond, WI, 54015