The Westminster Shorter Catechism, summarizing the biblical teaching on the topic, says that all mankind sinned in Adam, "and fell with him in that first transgression." Because Adam was in a covenant situation, our representative, his trespass led to our condemnation (Rom. 5:18). How does this work? How come I bear the guilt for… Continue reading Three Great Acts of Imputation (Machen)
Romans 5 is a great passage in Scripture that compares and contrasts Adam and Christ. Paul uses legal and covenantal language to explain how Adam was a type of Christ. For example, here's verse 19: For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of… Continue reading He Submitted Himself to the Covenant of Works (Bavinck)
Quite obviously the term and concept of covenant is a major theme in Scripture. It's not always easy to define since there are quite a few covenants made in the Bible and since they are made in different cultures and time periods. Having said that, I appreciate Meridith Kline's general definition of covenant: Of the… Continue reading Defining “Covenant” (Kline)
Hebrews 8:13 says that the Old Covenant is "obsolete": "When He said, “A new covenant,” He has made the first obsolete. But whatever is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to disappear" (NASB). In this context, the Old Covenant had to do with the priesthood, sacrifices, and Moses' law (broadly speaking). The Old Covenant… Continue reading The Old Covenant Has Come to an End (Owen)
There's much more to Reformed theology than the doctrines of grace (TULIP). Similarly, there's more to the doctrines of grace than predestination. This needs to be said and repeated since some say that the central dogma of Calvinism is predestination, that predestination is at the core of the doctrines of grace. Michael Horton gave some… Continue reading Is Predestination Central in Calvinism?