If you’ve used Bible commentaries even a little bit, you know that they are quite often hit or miss. I’ve had it more than a few times that I purchase a highly recommended commentary and was disappointed with it so much that I turned around and sold it. Such is how it sometimes goes!
However, I’ve always been happy with Alec Motyer’s commentaries. I was reminded of that today when studying the pretty tough and dark prophecy in Isaiah 13, where Yahweh uses the Medes to brutally wipe out the Babylonians. It’s the Day of the Lord in all it’s fury! Isaiah 13:14 notes that on that day (the day of Yahweh) the people (of Babylon) will be like “gazelles that are chased” [וְהָיָה֙ כִּצְבִ֣י מֻדָּ֔ח] and “like sheep that no man gathers” [וּכְצֹ֖אן וְאֵ֣ין מְקַבֵּ֑ץ] (JPS). What does this mean? Obviously, it has to do with the Babylonians trying to escape the merciless slaughter of the Medes. But what’s with the imagery? Motyer comments briefly but well:
‘Like a hunted gazelle’ and ‘like sheep without a shepherd’ are complementary similies. The first animal is endangered by the attentions of the people, the second is endangered without their attentions. So, finding the Lord as their enemy and losing him as their shepherd, humankind is indeed helpless and hopeless, with everything to flee from and nowhere to flee too.”
There’s more to this passage for sure. But Motyer picks up the poetic imagery very well. It also reminds us that rejecting the Lord is not the path of joy, peace, and comfort. Instead, it’s a path full of hopelessness and helplessness.
Covenant Presbyterian Church (OPC)
Hammond, WI, 54015