I’m in the middle of this helpful new book by Peter Jones: The Other Worldview: Exploring Christianity’s Greatest Threat (Bellingham: Kirkdale Press, 2015). I’ll come back to it again and give a full review when I’m finished. For now, here’s how Jones briefly describes the two main worldviews – Oneism and Twosim.
Oneism sees the world as self-creating (or perpetually existing) and self-explanatory. Everything is made up of the same stuff, whether matter, spirit, or a mixture. There’s one kind of existence, which, in one way or another, we worship as divine (or of ultimate importance), even if that means worshiping ourselves. Though there is apparent differentiation and even hierarchy, all distinctions are, in principle, eliminated, and everything has the same worth. This is a ‘homocosmology,’ a worldview based on sameness. The classic term for this is ‘paganism,’ worship of nature.
The only other option [twoism] is a world that is the free work of a personal, transcendent God, who creates ex nihilo (from nothing). In creating, God was not constrained by or dependent on any preexisting conditions. There is nothing exactly like this in our human experience of creating; our creative acts are analogous to God’s. There is one God, and there is everything that is not-God – everything created and sustained by the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. This worldview celebrates otherness, distinctiveness. We worship as the divine the distinct, personal, triune Creator, who placed essential distinctions within the creation. This is a ‘heterocosmology,’ a worldview based on otherness and difference. This is often called ‘theism.’
Both of these worldviews, whether implicitly assumed or explicitly embraced, require the same fundamental certainty. In other words, if one is ultimately true, the other must be false. In the moral universe of the Bible, knowledge is never neutral. That’s why Paul calls these worldviews ‘the truth’ and ‘the lie’ (Rom. 1:25) (p. 12-13).
In the rest of the book Jones shows that the “intellectual and cultural influences today are promoting a Oneist view of reality – a train headed in the opposite direction from the biblical view.” His goal in the book is to alert the church of this “oneism” that is so prevalent in culture, to help keep the church from adopting a oneism view, and to promote the biblical view of “twoism.” Again, I’m not finished with the book, but so far so good! Stay tuned….
(NOTE: I received this book from the publisher in exchange for honest comments/reviews.)