Chapter 38 of A Puritan Theology is titled, “The Puritans on Perseverance of the Saints.” In this chapter the authors list four grounds or foundations of the perseverance of the saints as taught by the Puritans. To state it as a question: “What are the grounds of the perseverance of the saints?” (I’ve edited the following to keep it brief – though I do recommend the entire section.)
Ground One: The Father’s electing love. The Puritans stressed that our perseverance in faith is based on God’s preservation of us in grace. Watson said, ‘It is not your holding God, but his holding us, that preserves us. When a boat is tied to a rock, it is secure; so, when we are fast tied to the Rock of Ages, we are impregnable.’
Ground Two: Christ’s merit and intercession. The Puritans said our union with Christ cannot be dissolved. Christ will not let his people be sundered from him, any more than a head will willingly be cut off from its body or a husband from his wife. The Puritans taught that the merit or value of the sacrifice Christ made at the cross guarantees that for those whom he died will be eternally saved. The Puritans also viewed the intercessory work of Christ as our high priest as integral to the believer’s perseverance in faith.
Ground Three: The indwelling of the Holy Spirit. Richard Sibbes said, “There are none that hold out but those that have the Spirit of God to be their teacher and persuader.” The ground of perseverance is closely connected with the Word of God which abides in us, for the Word of God and the Spirit of God are always closely connected. Owen wrote, “…The Father gives the elect in to the hands of Christ to be redeemed; having redeemed them, in due time they are called by the Spirit, and marked for God, and so give up themselves to the hands of the Father.”
Ground Four: The Covenant of Grace. The agreement of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit from all eternity is intimately connected with God’s covenant mercies to us because in the covenant God revealed the order of the cooperative work of the Trinity through the incarnate Mediator. The covenant promises that God will be faithful to his people, and he will ensure their faithfulness to him. True believers may be assured that they will have heaven because they already have the Lord as their covenant God, and that is the essence of heaven on earth.
Standing upon these four grounds, the Puritans said, the Christian’s hope is solid, substantial, and certain.
rev shane lems