I’ve bumped up against hyper-calvinism on and off for the past 15 years or so. For a time I checked it out, dabbled with it, and thought about it. Thankfully a wise pastor steered me away from its dangers. What is hyper-calvinism? I think of it as Calvinism on the steroids of rationalism; I also think of it as a belief system which limits the free grace of God. J. G. Machen’s quote here is one that has really helped me understand God’s grace in a way that makes me thankful I’m not a hyper-calvinist.
Bavinck is also helpful.
“Christ did not die for a few but for many, for a large multitude. He gives his life as a ransom for many; he sheds his blood for many; he will make many righteous. It is not a handful but many who by one man’s obedience will be made righteous [Rom. 5:19]. Scripture is not afraid that too many people will be saved. Therefore based on that same consideration, it says that God has no pleasure in the death of the wicked and that he wants all humans to repent and be saved, that Christ is the expiation of and has given his life for the world, and that the gospel must be preached to all creatures” (Reformed Dogmatics III.465).
One more – John Murray on page 109 of Redemption Accomplished and Applied.
“The overtures of grace in the gospel addressed to all men without distinction [the universal call] are very real and we must maintain that doctrine with all its implications for God’s grace, on the one hand, and for man’s responsibility and privilege, on the other.”
Machen’s quote above is certainly worth memorizing and the others are worth pondering. If you’re interested in this topic, I suggest getting The Pattern of Sound Doctrine and reading R. S. Clark’s chapter in it, which covers this very topic in an excellent way.
By the way, Machen’s line above was from chapter 6 of Christianity and Liberalism.