I recently finished Robert Traill’s (d. 1716) excellent treatise called Justification Vindicated (Carlisle: Banner of Truth, 2002). This was originally published in 1692 as a response to Arminian legalist errors (i.e. Richard Baxter) as well as those of the Antinomians (i.e. Tobias Crisp). As a side note, Traill also made me go out and purchase Walter Marshall’s Gospel Mystery of Sanctification). Here are a few outstanding quotes from Traill’s Justification Vindicated.
“A law condemned sinner is freely justified by God’s grace, through the redemption that is in Jesus Christ; …he is justified only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to him by God of his free grace, and received by faith alone as an instrument, which faith is the gift of the same grace.”
“The plain old Protestant doctrine is that the place of faith in justification is only that of a hand or instrument, receiving the righteousness of Christ, for the sake of which alone we are justified.”
“…Never was any sinner qualified for Christ. He is well qualified for us.”
“If a man trusts his own righteousness, he rejects Christ’s; if he trusts Christ’s righteousness, he rejects his own.”
“Let us carefully keep the boundaries between the law and the gospel clear…. Let us keep the law as far from the business of justification as we would keep condemnation, its contrary.”
This booklet is short – 77 pages total. Some parts of it are quite dense because of older wording and allusions to the debates of the late 17th century; however, there are very clear parts which are amazing explanations of justification in relation to three solas: Christ alone, grace alone, and faith alone. This book is certainly worth owning and reading if you’re a student of the doctrines of grace.